Jim crow laws and dating
She was played by actual women including, Brown County, Ohio native Rose Washington Parks,1901-1969, during the 1950s.
This story was published 01/16/2001 in the Ledger Independent in Maysville, Ky. Rosa Washington Riles, better known as "Aunt Jemima" was one of Brown County's most noted but least known natives.
However, she remains an example of the "mammy" stereotype that has been used in advertisements for household items including foods, detergents, planters, ashtrays, sewing accessories, and beverages.
Viewing these images can be disturbing and enlightening at the same time, and Ferris State University is providing a public service by making them available.
In the beginning of Rosa Washington's career as Aunt Jemima, the pancake mix was packaged and sold in one-pound covered cardboard cartons.
At that period her portrait covered one entire side of the carton.
"Aunt Jemima" was born in 1901 as Rosa Washington near Red Oak, Brown County, Ohio. She was employed as a cook in the home of a Quaker Oats executive and went out for pancake demonstrations at her employer's request.
Whereas blacks used to be portrayed as exotic, foolish and childlike, today they are portrayed as menacing, gun-toting drug addicts or as hypersexual pimps and whores. Indeed, practically every item housed in the Jim Crow Museum is being sold on some Internet site.
Examples include the following: The new racial climate is marked by ambivalence and contradiction. Old racist items are being reproduced and new items are being created.
"Ten Little Indians" was originally the title of a comic song written in the 1860s by Philadelphia songwriter Septimus Winner. Her story follows a plot similar to the song, as a series of murders are committed using methods that echo its lyrics.
The song made its way to England, where another songwriter named Frank Green adapted it for use in a Victorian minstrel show, giving it new lyrics and changing "Indians" to "Niggers." In each stanza of the lyrics, one of the little niggers disappears through a different cause: "One choked his little self and then there were nine. In later editions, however, the publisher decided that the original title could be construed as racially offensive and retitled it, also changing some of the wording of the story to soften the racial references.
The Jim Crow Museum contains more than 2,000 racist artifacts, dating from pre-Civil War days to the present: cartoons, Sambo masks, Coon toys, Picaninny ashtrays, Ku Klux Klan literature, postcards with Black children portrayed as "alligator bait." "All racial groups have been caricatured in this country, but none have been caricatured as often or in as many ways as have black Americans," Pilgrim writes.